“Mother Natures Most Treasured Mineral” Pure Carbon-The Hardest Natural Occurring Substance Timeless. Symbolic. Scintillating. Discover the importance of the 4C’s- Cut, Carat Weight, Color, Clarity. These combined characteristics make up the Diamond’s “Presence” this encompasses precision of cut, color, symmetry and polish witch, collectively, profoundly influence a Diamond’s brilliance, dispersion, scintillation and overall value.
THE DIAMOND’S CUT
Cut is possibly the most important factor. It refers to the precise positioning, shape and angle of a Diamond’s facets, which together create that breathtaking brilliance. The optical attributes of the Diamond influenced by CUT are Brightness, Fire and Scintillation.
Diamonds are renowned for their ability to transmit light and sparkle so intensely. The Diamond’s ideal proportion and individual features are easily observed in its profile.
The girdle is the narrow band that circumscribes the edge where crown and pavilion meet. The Girdle may be polished or gently bruted. The girdle is also were the diamond is typically held by the setting.
The pavilion of the Diamond is located below the girdle and includes the culet. Much like the crown angle, the pavilion affects sparkle and brilliance. When properly cut, the pavilion will emit the most sparkle through the top of the jewel.
The culet is the small, protective facet cut on the point of the pavilion. On some diamonds, the facet is octagonal. On the keel of some step-cut diamonds, the facet is rectangular.
From above the diamond’s symmetry and precision of cut come together visibly to create the astonishing sparkle and allure the diamond is known for.
The table refers to the large facet in the center of the crown on a polished diamond, however the shape of the table varies based on a diamonds cut. On a round brilliant cut diamond the table has a octagonal shape. If the table is out of proportion to the body of the jewel, it will negatively affect the brilliance and fire.
The Crown is the upper part of the diamond located above the girdle plane. When the diamonds crown is cut at an ideal angle, the jewel will yield optimal sparkle and fire
“Carat” denotes the weight of a diamond. A metric “carat” is defined as 200 milligrams. Each carat can be subdivided into 100 ‘points’ this allows very precise measurements to the hundredth decimal place. Taken by itself, carat weight does not determine a diamond’s value. Two diamonds of equal weight can vary widely in price.
The diamonds color evaluation is based on the absence of color. Each stone is color-graded to a precise scale from “D”(colorless) to “Z” (saturated). Only diamonds of color “I” (near colorless) or better are white to the naked eye. Color plays a large part in the diamonds price. The top three color grades (D E F) are considered “rare white” and command a premium. The ideal engagement ring is clear and colorless to the naked eye. However diamonds come in a wide variety of colors, called “Fancies” and are considered rare and extremely valuable.
The process of creating a diamond in nature is under extreme conditions of heat and pressure, this usually results ia a variety of internal characteristics called “inclusions” and external characteristics called “blemishes”. These inclusions are the diamonds individual fingerprints and much like our own are uniquely individual to each diamond. The diamonds grading scale begins with Flawless and included. A diamond is graded flawless if, under 10x magnification, no internal flaws (clouds, feathers, pinpoints or black carbon) and no external imperfections (scratches, pits, nicks)are visible. Absolute flawless diamonds are exceedingly rere and are priced accordingly. The top three categories (F IF VVS) are considered investment quality.
Society has had a love affair with the round diamond since the dawn of time. Today it still holds it place of prominence as the most desirable shape on the market. The Modern Round Brilliant Cut Diamond made its mark on history in the 1940’s were it quickly became the standard, most popular way to cut diamonds. It’s proportions and facet arrangement have been mathematically perfected, maximizing the diamonds ability to produce fire and brilliance whereby allowing the most light to be returned to the eye of the viewer. These dazzling diamonds are fixed with a circular girdle and contain 58 triangular or kite shaped facets that radiate outward from the center. These beauties are a timeless and treasured symbol of LOVE.
FANCY SHAPED DIAMONDS
‘Fancy” is the category name given to every diamond shape that is not round. Fancy shaped diamond’s have a long rich history and come in every shape and size. Fancy diamond’s provide a fabulous array of choices for your main diamond or as intriguing accent diamonds that enhance your center stone.
Antique diamonds have a captivating subtlety, These treasures from the past differ from those of the present and from one another. For centuries diamond cutters have applied many different techniques to the ancient rough crystal that comes from deep within the earth. The historical evolution of these hand crafted gems has taken place primarily at the cutting wheel, during a period of time that masterfully encapsulated a range of artful innovations that brought out the best in each unique diamond crystal. Each artisan set out to create a one of a kind masterpiece, making their unique charm and increasing rarity highly desirable and sought after. Unlike contemporary diamond cutting which primarily use machines and endeavor to create a reliably identical product on a mass-produced scale.
ROSE CUT DIAMONDS
The oldest of diamond cuts, developed in the 15th century and named for its likeness to a rose bloom are prized for its romantic and feminine subtleties. These diamonds have a flat bottom and a domed top while featuring as many as 15 facets. Rose Cut Diamonds are primarily found in Georgian and Victorian era jewelry pieces.
MINE CUT DIAMONDS
Old Mine Cut Diamonds have a rich history and hale from 18th century Europe. Also known as Antique Cushion Cuts, these diamonds are crafted with a variety of facet patterns but always have a high crown, a small table, and a large flat culet. However these diamonds are not round but rather form a soft square or cushion shape and are cut to refract the natural light. The innovations of this cut are especially breathtaking when viewed under candlelit conditions, before the advent of electricity and typical of the 18th and mid 19th century Europe.
EUROPEAN CUT DIAMONDS
During the late 1800’s technical innovations were booming, the invention of the bruting machine allowed diamond cutters to create round more symmetrical and brilliant cut diamond. This cut is the predecessor of the Modern Brilliant Cut containing attributes from both the Mine Cut and the Modern Brilliant Cut diamond, featuring a circular girdle with 58 facets like its contemporary counterpart. These captivating diamonds are primarily found in Victorian, Edwardian and Art Deco era jewelry.
TRANSITION CUT DIAMONDS
The diamonds cut during this period, from the 1920’s through the 1940’s are referred to as Transitional Cut Diamonds, meaning they were crafted during the era when the industry was moving from Mine and European Cuts to the Modern Round Brilliant Cut.